New study: Models and scenarios for future mobility in smaller Danish towns

Together with Urland, we have helped Realdania identify sustainable models and scenarios for future mobility in smaller Danish towns (5.000 – 20.000 inhabitants). This has resulted in a report targeting strategic planners and decision-makers in municipalities, as well as shop owners and trade associations located in provincial town centres. The aim of the study is to provide insights and guidance on addressing the challenges and issues that may arise during the development of mobility solutions in provincial towns and cities.

The study is based on three key questions:

1. With a particular focus on city centres, what projections can be made regarding the development of transport modes, types, and systems in provincial cities that are relevant?

2. What interventions (e.g. physical, technological, and behavioural) can be implemented to promote sustainable mobility in provincial cities, especially in city centres?

3. How can mobility be incorporated into strategic planning for city centres to guarantee less CO2-emitting development in provincial cities?

In order to investigate these areas, we have conducted interviews/workshops in the initial phase with mobility providers, transport companies, and municipal administrations to gather knowledge and insights. Furthermore, there were two sparring sessions involving representatives from municipalities and actors in the mobility field.


The growing use of private cars is having a significant impact on city centres, affecting their economy, environment, social fabric, and spatial layout. While major cities in Denmark and around the world have made progress in developing vibrant city centres with infrastructure and public spaces that promote sustainable mobility and provide new social amenities, resource constraints make it difficult to extend these efforts to areas with lower population densities, greater distances, and varying economic conditions.

Moreover, advancements in mobility technology, changes in consumer behaviour, and new work patterns are redefining how we approach mobility planning in these regions. As a result, there is a need to explore innovative solutions that can help us strike a balance between the benefits of private mobility and the need for sustainable, equitable, and livable communities in both urban and rural areas.

 Photo Credits: Steffen Stamp/Realdania

Date: 8 May 2023
Links: Find the full report here